TitleEvaluation of blended virgin coconut oil and fish oil on growth performance and resistance to Streptococcus iniae challenge of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsApraku, A, Liu, L, Leng, X, Rupia, EJ, Ayisi, CL
JournalEgyptian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences
Pagination175 - 184
Date Published2017
KeywordsFish oil, Oreochromis niloticusOreochromis niloticus, Performance, Streptococcus iniae, Virgin coconut oil

Five isolipidic experimental diets (32% crude protein) were formulated to contain 3% fish oil (FO) and virgin coconut oil (3 VCO) as sole lipids or blends of FO + VCO in ratios of 75:25% (0.75 VCO), 50:50% (1.5 VCO) and 25:75% (2.25 VCO). Triplicate groups of O. niloticus were fed one of five diets to apparent satiation, twice daily for 8 weeks. It was observed that fish fed diet 3 VCO exhibited the best performance with respect to feed intake (492.1 g), final weight (214.60 g) and weight gain (154.90 g). Significant effects of dietary fatty acid profile were reflected in fish fed the diets in whole body, muscle and liver C12:0 and C14:0. However, eicosapentaenoic (EPA, 20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic (DHA, 22:6n-3) were significantly different (P ≥ 0.05) compared to their respective diets while liver n-3: n-6 ratio significantly increased and recorded low levels in whole body and muscle. Statistically, least values of mortality were recorded as VCO levels were elevated when fish were subjected to Streptococcus iniae infection while plasma metabolite indicators among treatments were not altered. The inclusion of VCO at 3% in the diet gave excellent performance, indicating that it could wholly replace FO and as such represents a better alternative lipid source for feeding O. niloticus.

Notice of Publication Number

NOP 17-380 (English)