TitleStudy on nitrogen and phosphorus budgets and production performance in higher-place pond of Litopenaeus vannamei
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsLi, J, Chen, X, Lai, Q, Chunyu, L, Chen, J, Su, S
JournalSouth China Fisheries Science
Pagination13 - 20
Date Published2010
Keywordsbudget, higher-place pond, Litopenaeus vannamei, nitrogen, Phosphorus

Nitrogen and phosphorus budgets in the higher-place ponds of Litopenaeus vannamei were studied systematically to investigate the effects of stocking seasons, shrimp larvae strains and grading culture on shrimp production. Results indicate that feed is the main source of nitrogen and phosphorus inputs, accounting for 91.76% ~ 93.68% and 94.55% ~ 96.97% of total inputs, respectively, while 29.46% ~ 40.46% of total nitrogen and 12.64% ~ 17.41% of total phosphorus were deposited into harvested shrimp; 24.63% ~ 54.52% of total nitrogen and 23.03% ~ 59.02% of total phosphorous were discharged into effluent; 14.10% ~ 44.59% of total nitrogen and 27.59% ~ 62.25% of total phosphorous were accumulated in pond sediment. Shrimp production is significantly affected by different stocking seasons and shrimp larvae strains. The average growth rate of trial ZS in summer reaches 0.175 g·d- 1 , which is 73.0% and 139.3% higher than that of trial ZF in fall and trial ZW in winter, respectively. The survival of ZWis 77.70% ~ 87.75% , which is significantly higher than that of ZS and ZF. Compared with ZWstocked at the same season, the survival of trial BW is 62.10% ~ 72.30% with yield per unit area of 8 821~ 9 878 kg·hm- 2 , which are both significantly low. Trial ZWb of grading cultured shortens the culture cycle by 56.13%.

Notice of Publication Number

NOP 10-A06 (English)