TitleSurvival and physiological response of Labeo victorianus (Pisces: Cyprinidae, Boulenger 1901) juveniles to transport stress under a salinity gradient
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsOyoo-Okoth, E, Cherop, L, Ngugi, CC, Chepkirui-Boit, V, Manguya-Lusega, D, Ani-Sabwa, J, Charo-Karisa, H
Date Published2011

Survival and physiological response of Labeo victorianus juveniles under varying salinity gradients were studied during a 6 h transport. Salinity ranges were: 0, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8 and 10 psu. To each transport bag, 100 juvenile L. victorianus (mean weight = 8.0 ± 1.1 g, stocking biomass = 16 kg m− 3) were transferred. Water temperature, dissolved oxygen (DO), pH, total ammonia nitrogen (TAN) and carbon dioxide (CO2) were measured before and after transport. Plasma cortisol, blood glucose, plasma sodium, plasma chloride and blood ammonia were also determined. No juvenile mortalities occurred in salinity ranges of 1 to 4 psu. After transport, survival and parameters of physiological response in the juvenile of L. victorianus were significantly different among different salinity treatments (p < 0.05). Low survival, of less than 70% occurred in control treatments (0 psu) and in salinities 0.25, 0.5 psu and at 10 psu. Increased salinity correlated negatively with TAN and CO2 in water after transport. Plasma cortisol in salinities of 0.5 to 8 psu, blood glucose and blood ammonia in salinities ranging from 1 to 4 psu as well as plasma sodium and plasma chloride in salinity ranging from 1 to 8 psu were similar before and after transport. This study recommends salinity ranges of 1 to 4 psu for minimizing the physiological effects associated with both the primary and secondary physiological response induced by transport stress in juvenile L. victorianus.

Notice of Publication Number

NOP 11-A03 (English)